Elsek & Elsek Group

Acrylic Forming


Thermoforming is one of the oldest and most common methods of processing plastic materials. Vacuum formed products are all around us and play a major role in our daily lives.

The process involves heating a plastic sheet until soft and then draping it over a mould. A vacuum is applied sucking the sheet into the mould. The sheet is then ejected from the mould. In its advanced form, the vacuum forming process utilizes sophisticated pneumatic, hydraulic and heat controls thus enabling higher production speeds and more detailed vacuum formed applications.

Virtually all thermoplastics can be supplied as sheet and vacuum formed. The more commonly used materials are listed below.


Vacuum forming offers several processing advantages over other forming processes. Low forming pressures are used thus enabling comparatively low cost tooling.
Since the process uses low pressures, the moulds can be made of inexpensive materials and mould fabrication time can be reasonably short. Prototype and low quantity requirements of large parts, as well as medium size runs therefore become economical.
More sophisticated machines and moulds are used for continuous automated production of high volume items like yoghurt pots, disposable cups and sandwich packs.



Unlike other thermoplastic forming processes, where powder or resin are the starting point, vacuum forming uses extruded plastic sheet. With vacuum forming a secondary process may be required to trim the formed sheet to arrive at the finished part. The trimmed waste can then be re-ground and recycled.


– Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene ABS
– Polyester Copolymer PETG
– Polystyrene PS
– Polycarbonate PC
– Polypropylene PP

– Polyvinyl Chloride PVC
– Acrylic PMMA
– Formech FDH Series
– Formech 300XQ – Model Making
– Polyethylene (sheet and foamed sheet) PE


– Baths & Shower Trays
– Yoghurt Pots
– Ski-Boxes
– Boat Hulls
– Machinery Guards
– Vehicle Door Liners

– Refrigerator Liners
– Sandwich Boxes
– Parts of vehicle cabs
– Exterior Shop Sign
– Formech FDH Series
– Formech HD Series